English is English! – No! Not at all! “England and America are two countries separated by a common language” — said George Bernard Shaw.
Many readers and writers are surprised to learn that there are huge differences in spelling between English-speaking countries. A book, written and published in the UK, needs almost to be “translated” into American English and vice versa. And I am not even talking about Canada, South Africa, India or Australia… were there are many more differences.
Generally, it is agreed that no one version is “correct” however, there are certainly preferences in use. The most important rule of thumb is to try to be consistent in your usage. The major differences between American and British English are:
- Vocabulary – differences in nouns and verbs, especially phrasal verb usage
- Spelling – differences are generally found in certain prefix and suffix forms
Have a look at the many verbs that are differently written in this comparison at www.Spellzone.com:
- … our endings change to or, such as humour (British) into humor (American)
- … our endings change to er, such as theatre into theater, or centre into center
- … ogue endings change to og, such as catalogue into catalog
- L endings do not double in US spellings, such as travelled into traveled……. and the list goes on and on.
Other major differences are:
- Present Perfect
- Past Simple/Past Participles
- The Verb “get”
there are also some more subtle differences that might stymie visitors to Britain, especially those who have learnt American English. Linguistics lecturer Dr Lynne Murphy rounds up ten of the subtler US/UK mis-communications.
Add to this the local usage of words, e.g. Trousers or pants? Juggernaut or 18-wheeler? Lift or elevator? Tube, underground or subway? Find more eye-opening differences in British / American vocabulary, for example:
autumn – fall
barrister – attorney
bill (restaurant) – check
biscuit – cookie
caravan – trailer
chemist’s shop – drugstore, pharmacy
chips – fries, French fries
cinema – movies
coffin – casket
pavement – sidewalk
petrol – gas, gasoline
postbox – mailbox
rubbish – garbage, trash
sweets – candy
So, before you upbraid someone. or point out spelling “errors” have a look if it is not a British, Canadian or other English speaking individual or user of keyboards from these country. A person, for example, writing for newspapers in several countries has to adjust the writing for every article/country. And then there are these not native English speakers…
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